These are the sounds of the alphabets used when teaching reading by phonics.

Alphabet Sound Eg.
a ah apple
b bh butter
c ch curd
d dh duck
e eh egg
f fff fat 
g gh girth
h hhh house
i ih igloo
j jh jump
k kh cat/duck
l lh lemon
m mmm mum
n nnn no
o aw hot
p ph ph (not pah)
q quh queen not quoh
r rrr rabbit
s sss snake
t t hot (not th or ta)
u uh up
v vvvv violin
w wh watch
x x ks sound (ending of fox)
y yh yoyo
z zzz zebra

Click here for the video of the list of phonics sounds.